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 Http://edocket.access.GPO.gov/2004/04-24828.htm
[Federal Register: November 8, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 215)]
                           [Rules and Regulations]               
                           [Page 64644-64651]
                           From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.GPO.gov]
                           [DOCID:fr08no04-3]                         
                           
                           -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                           
                           DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
                           
                           Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
                           
                           9 CFR Parts 71, 77, 78, 79, 80, 85, and 93
                           
                           [Docket No. 04-052-1]
                           
                            
                           Livestock Identification; Use of Alternative Numbering Systems
                           
                           AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.
                           
                           ACTION: Interim rule and request for comments.
                           
                           -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                           
                           SUMMARY: We are amending the regulations to recognize additional 
                           Numbering systems for the identification of animals in interstate 
                           Commerce and State/Federal/industry cooperative disease control and 
                           Eradication programs. Additionally, we are amending the regulations to 
                           Authorize the use of a numbering system to identify premises where 
                           Animals are managed or held. These new numbering systems will be a key 
                           Element in a national animal identification system that is being 
                           Implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, at present on a 
                           Voluntary basis. The changes we are making to the regulations are 
                           Necessary to allow the use of these new numbering systems for official 
                           Purposes. Use of the new numbering systems will not, however, be 
                           Required as a result of this rulemaking. Finally, we are amending the 
                           Regulations to prohibit the removal of official identification devices 
                           And to eliminate potential regulatory obstacles to the recognition of 
                           Emerging technologies that could offer viable alternatives to existing 
                           Animal identification devices and methods.
                           
                           DATES: This interim rule is effective November 8, 2004. We will 
                           Consider all comments that we receive on or before January 7, 2005.
                           
                           ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods:
                                EDOCKET (Preferred Method): Go to http://www.epa.gov/feddocket
                            To submit or view public comments on this docket. Once you 
                           
                           Have entered EDOCKET, click on the ``View Open APHIS Dockets'' link to 
                           Locate this document.
                                Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send four copies 
                           Of your comment (an original and three copies) to Docket No. 04-052-1, 
                           Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3C71, 4700 
                           River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238. Please state that your 
                           Comment refers to Docket No. 04-052-1.
                                Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov
                            And follow the instructions for locating this 
                           
                           Docket and submitting comments.
                               Reading Room: You may read any comments that we receive on this 
                           Docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of 
                           The USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW., 
                           Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. To 4:30 p.m., 
                           Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to 
                           Help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.
                               Other Information: You may view APHIS documents published in the 
                           Federal Register and related information, including the names of groups 
                           And individuals who have commented on APHIS dockets, on the Internet at 
                           http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppd/rad/webrepor.html.
                           
                           
                           FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:  Mr. Neil Hammerschmidt, Animal 
                           Identification Coordinator, National Center for Animal Health Programs, 
                           VS, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 39, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 
                           734-5571.
                           
                           SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
                           
                           Background
                           
                               The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. 
                           Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulates the interstate movement of 
                           Certain animals to prevent the spread of livestock and poultry diseases 
                           Within the United States. The interstate movement regulations are 
                           Contained in 9 CFR chapter I, subchapter C (parts 70 through 89). APHIS 
                           Also has regulations providing for the payment of indemnity for certain 
                           Animals that are destroyed to prevent the spread of various diseases. 
                           The indemnity regulations are contained in 9 CFR chapter I, subchapter 
                           B (parts 49 through 55). Among other things, the interstate movement 
                           Regulations, as well as some of the indemnity regulations, contain 
                           Requirements for the official identification of animals.
                               The official numbering systems recognized under the regulations 
                           Prior to this interim rule, such as the National Uniform Eartagging 
                           System, have been vital to disease control and eradication programs, 
                           But may not be well suited for uses outside of those programs. For 
                           Example, many producers use separate identification numbers or methods 
                           For on-farm production purposes, animal data recording, genetic 
                           Evaluation, and breed registration. Assigning multiple identification 
                           Numbers to an animal may necessitate attaching multiple identification 
                           Tags or devices to the animal, and some identification devices are 
                           inevitably lost over time. The ability to access information about a 
                           particular animal may also be impaired when data about that animal are 
                           stored in various databases under various numbering systems. 
                           Furthermore, as diseases such as tuberculosis, brucellosis, and 
                           pseudorabies are eradicated from the United States, fewer animals are 
                           required to be officially identified under the regulations. As a 
                           result, our ability to trace diseased animals back to their herds of 
                           origin and to trace other potentially exposed animals forward is being 
                           compromised.
                               To address these considerations, USDA has identified the need for a 
                           national animal identification system (NAIS) and defined several key 
                           objectives for such a system. These include: (1) Allowing producers, to 
                           the extent possible, the flexibility to use current systems or adopt 
                           new ones; (2) having a system that is technology neutral, so that all 
                           existing effective technologies and new technologies that may be 
                           developed in the future may be utilized; (3) having a system that 
                           builds upon national data standards to ensure that a uniform and 
                           compatible system
                           
                           [[Page 64645]]
                           
                           evolves; (4) having a system that does not preclude producers from 
                           being able to use it with production management systems that respond to 
                           market incentives; and (5) designing the architecture so that the 
                           system does not unduly increase the role and size of the Government.
                               Design and implementation of such a system are well under way (see 
                           http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/issues/nais/nais.html). USDA is moving 
                           
                           forward, first on a voluntary basis, to integrate the various types of 
                           animal identification programs that currently exist in the United 
                           States, and then will scale up to the national level, to include those 
                           producers and animals that are not currently in an animal 
                           identification program. The goal is to create an effective, uniform, 
                           consistent, and efficient national system.
                           Key to the NAIS is the use of standardized data elements to 
                           identify animals and to record their movements. These data elements 
                           include numbering systems for individual animals, groups or lots of 
                           animals, and premises (locations where animals are managed or held), as 
                           well as for individuals or entities, such as State animal health 
                           officials, producer organizations, breed associations, identification 
                           companies, service providers, etc., that do not own or manage livestock 
                           but participate in the system in a variety of ways, such as allocating 
                           animal identification numbers to producers, tracking animal movement, 
                           and recording animal health data. These participants are referred to as 
                           non-producer participants.
                           The NAIS will allow us to trace back and trace forward animals 
                           potentially infected with or exposed to a disease of concern. Traceback 
                           refers to the ability to track an animal's location over its lifespan 
                           and the ability to determine which animals may have been in contact 
                           with a diseased animal or shared a contaminated feed supply. Trace 
                           forward data provide locations of animals moved from a premises of 
                           concern that may have been exposed to a disease. When fully 
                           implemented, the NAIS calls for a trace to be completed within 48 hours 
                           of detecting a disease, enhancing our ability to contain an outbreak.
                           APHIS will initially fund cooperative agreements to help State and 
                           Tribal governments establish premises identification systems and to 
                           evaluate additional identification pilot projects that could also 
                           become a part of the overall national animal identification system. 
                           Associations and other segments of the livestock industry may 
                           participate in State and Tribal projects. APHIS posted a request for 
                           proposals for these cooperative agreements in June 2004. Applications 
                           were reviewed and selections made in early August, and cooperative 
                           agreements were initiated in September 2004.
                           This interim rule amends the regulations in order to provide the 
                           flexibility needed to facilitate the development and implementation of 
                           the NAIS. By adding or amending certain definitions and adding, 
                           removing, or amending certain regulatory provisions, this interim rule 
                           allows the use of additional numbering systems and devices for official 
                           purposes under the regulations. We are also adding provisions 
                           prohibiting the removal of official identification devices except at 
                           the time of slaughter. These actions are necessary to meet the 
                           livestock industry's various identification needs and to ensure our 
                           future ability to trace animals to and from their herds of origin. In 
                           keeping with the objectives of the NAIS, the use of the new numbering 
                           systems will be voluntary. This interim rule merely provides for the 
                           use of these numbering systems in instances when official 
                           identification is required. Other animal and premises numbering systems 
                           that are already recognized by the regulations, such as the National 
                           Uniform Eartagging System, will still be recognized by APHIS for 
                           purposes of official identification.
                           
                           Animal Identification
                           
                           Individual animal identification is needed for tracking animals 
                           that, while moving through the production chain, are destined to be 
                           commingled with animals outside the production system in which they 
                           were born. The animal identification number (AIN) is a number that may 
                           be used for the official identification of individual animals in State/
                           Federal/industry cooperative disease control and eradication programs. 
                           In order to provide for the use of the AIN for official purposes, we 
                           are adding the following definition of animal identification number 
                           (AIN) to Sec. Sec.  71.1, 77.2, 78.1, and 80.1: ``A numbering system 
                           for the official identification of individual animals in the United 
                           States. The AIN consists of 15 digits, with the first 3 being the 
                           country code (840 for the United States), the alpha characters USA, or 
                           the numeric code assigned to the manufacturer of the identification 
                           device by the International Committee on Animal Recording.''
                           As we have already noted, the AIN is not a mandatory system of 
                           livestock identification but an approved alternative to other 
                           officially recognized numbering systems in use today.
                           Since eartags and backtags are two of the most commonly used 
                           methods of animal identification, we determined that, in order to 
                           provide for the use of AINs on such tags, we needed to amend the 
                           definition of official eartag in Sec. Sec.  71.1, 77.2, 78.1, and 80.1 
                           and the definition of United States Department of Agriculture backtag 
                           in Sec. Sec.  71.1 and 78.1. The previous definition of official eartag 
                           only allowed for the use of the National Uniform Eartagging System or a 
                           premises identification number used in conjunction with the producer's 
                           livestock production numbering system. Similarly, the previous 
                           definition of United States Department of Agriculture backtag only 
                           allowed for the use of the eight-character alpha-numeric National 
                           Backtagging System.
                           The new definition of official eartag is as follows: ``An 
                           identification tag providing unique identification for individual 
                           animals. An official eartag must bear the U.S. shield. The design, 
                           size, shape, color, and other characteristics of the official eartag 
                           will depend on the needs of the users. The official eartag must be 
                           tamper-resistant and have a high retention rate in the animal. Official 
                           eartags must adhere to one of the following numbering systems:
                            National Uniform Eartagging System.
                            Animal identification number (AIN).
                            Premises-based number system. The premises-based number 
                           system combines an official premises identification number (PIN), as 
                           defined in this section, with a producer's livestock production 
                           numbering system to provide a unique identification number. The PIN and 
                           the production number must both appear on the official tag.
                            Any other numbering system approved by the Administrator 
                           for the identification of animals in commerce.''
                           The new definition of United States Department of Agriculture 
                           backtag is ``a backtag issued by APHIS that provides unique 
                           identification for each animal.'' This definition is sufficiently 
                           flexible to allow for the use of the AIN or other numbering systems in 
                           addition to the National Backtagging System.
                           We are also adding a new definition of official identification 
                           device or method to the domestic animal movement regulations in Sec.  
                           71.1, the brucellosis regulations in Sec.  78.1, the scrapie 
                           regulations in Sec.  79.1, and the animal import regulations in 
                           Sec. Sec.  93.400 and 93.500. We define official identification device 
                           or method as ``a means of officially identifying an animal or group of 
                           animals using devices or methods approved by the
                           
                           [[Page 64646]]
                           
                           Administrator, including, but not limited to, official tags, tattoos, 
                           and registered brands when accompanied by a certificate of inspection 
                           from a recognized brand inspection authority.'' The addition of this 
                           new definition to the animal import regulations is necessary because we 
                           are adding certain provisions, which are discussed in greater detail 
                           below, concerning the removal of official identification devices to the 
                           regulations in 9 CFR part 93, as well as to part 71. In parts 71, 78, 
                           and 79, the new definition complements other new provisions, discussed 
                           in more detail below, that we are adding to the regulations.
                           These new provisions are contained in a new paragraph (b) in Sec.  
                           71.18, a new paragraph (b)(8) in Sec.  79.19, and a new paragraph 
                           (a)(2)(iii) in Sec.  79.2, as well as in an amendment to paragraph 
                           (a)(2) in Sec.  78.14. These new provisions indicate that, in addition 
                           to the identification devices and methods specifically referred to in 
                           those sections, other animal identification devices or methods may also 
                           be employed for official purposes if approved by the Administrator. 
                           Combined with the new definition of official identification device or 
                           method, these changes to the regulations are intended to allow for the 
                           use of both currently available and emerging animal identification 
                           technologies.
                           We are also removing Sec.  71.19(g), which contains procedures for 
                           requesting approval by the Administrator of swine identification 
                           devices and markings other than those already listed in Sec.  71.19(b) 
                           and states that if the Administrator determines that the devices and 
                           markings will provide a means of tracing swine in interstate commerce, 
                           a proposal will be published in the Federal Register to add the devices 
                           and markings to the list of approved means of swine identification. 
                           With new animal identification technologies currently being pilot 
                           tested, we determined that the procedures in paragraph (g), 
                           particularly the requirement for a proposal to be published in the 
                           Federal Register for each new device, were unnecessarily slow and 
                           cumbersome. In removing this paragraph, we are removing a potential 
                           regulatory obstacle to the approval and use of new technologies. Newly 
                           approved devices or markings will still be added to the list in Sec.  
                           71.19(b), however. Because we are removing paragraph (g), we are 
                           redesignating paragraphs (h) and (i) as paragraphs (g) and (h), 
                           respectively. Because of this redesignation, references to ``Sec.  
                           71.19(h)'' in Sec.  85.7(b)(3)(i), (b)(3)(ii), and (c)(1) and in Sec.  
                           85.8(a)(4) have been amended to refer to ``Sec.  71.19(g).''
                           
                           Group/Lot Identification
                           
                           Group/lot identification can be used in species where groups of 
                           animals are assembled from within the same production system and 
                           tracked through records of group movements maintained at the local 
                           level by the producer. In order to provide for use of the group/lot 
                           identification number for official identification purposes, we are 
                           adding a definition of group/lot identification number (GIN) to Sec.  
                           71.1. We define the GIN as ``the identification number used to uniquely 
                           identify a unit of animals of the same species that is managed together 
                           as one group throughout the preharvest production chain. The GIN 
                           consists of a seven-character PIN, as defined in Sec.  71.1, and a six-
                           digit representation of the date on which the group or lot of animals 
                           was assembled (MM/DD/YY).'' If more than one group of animals is 
                           assembled on a particular day at a given premises, the animals will 
                           still be considered a single group for the purpose of assigning a GIN. 
                           Multiple animal groups assembled on the same premises on the same day 
                           are not considered to be epidemiologically distinct and should be 
                           treated as a single entity for purposes of health management. As is the 
                           case with the AIN, use of the GIN is not mandatory.
                           
                           Premises Identification
                           
                           Another key element of the NAIS is premises identification. If the 
                           goal of a 48-hour traceback capability is to become a reality, it must 
                           be possible to record an animal's movements from its farm of origin to 
                           other locations throughout its entire life. Identifying premises that 
                           manage or hold livestock with a single and unique number is, therefore, 
                           essential. In order to provide in the regulations for premises 
                           identification under the NAIS, we are replacing the definition of 
                           premises identification number in Sec. Sec.  71.1 and 80.1 with a new 
                           definition of premises identification number (PIN). Because existing 
                           definitions of premises of origin identification and premises 
                           identification in Sec. Sec.  77.2 and 79.1, respectively, both contain 
                           references to PINs, we are also adding a new definition of premises 
                           identification number (PIN) to those sections. Prior to this interim 
                           rule, premises identification number was defined in Sec. Sec.  71.1 and 
                           80.1 as a State's two-letter postal abbreviation followed by a number 
                           assigned by the State animal health official to a livestock production 
                           unit that is, in the judgment of the State animal health official or 
                           area veterinarian in charge, epidemiologically distinct from other 
                           livestock production units.
                           In Sec.  71.1, the new definition, which allows for the continued 
                           use of this type of PIN but also recognizes the new premises numbering 
                           system developed for the NAIS, reads as follows: ``A unique number 
                           assigned by a State or Federal animal health authority to a premises 
                           that is, in the judgment of the State or Federal animal health 
                           authority, a geographically distinct location from other livestock 
                           production units. The premises identification number is associated with 
                           an address or legal land description and may be used in conjunction 
                           with a producer's own livestock production numbering system to provide 
                           a unique identification number for an animal. It may also be used as a 
                           component of a group/lot identification number (GIN). The premises 
                           identification number may consist of:
                            The State's two-letter postal abbreviation followed by the 
                           premises' assigned number; or
                            A seven-character alphanumeric code, with the right-most 
                           character being a check digit. The check digit number is based upon the 
                           ISO 7064 Mod 36/37 check digit algorithm.''
                           The new definition of premises identification number (PIN) used in 
                           Sec. Sec.  77.2, 79.1, and 80.1 is almost identical to that of Sec.  
                           71.1, omitting only the reference to the GIN. Group/lot identification 
                           is mainly used for interstate movement of swine, which is regulated 
                           under part 71. Specifically, Sec.  71.19 contains regulations for the 
                           identification of swine in interstate commerce. Thus, the reference to 
                           the GIN in the definition of PIN is much more applicable to part 71 
                           than to parts 77, 79, and 80, which contain, respectively, regulations 
                           pertaining to tuberculosis in cattle, bison, and captive cervids; to 
                           scrapie in sheep and goats; and to Johne's disease, which primarily 
                           affects cattle, sheep, goats, and other ruminants.
                           The new definition of premises identification number (PIN) differs 
                           from the definition it is replacing not only in recognizing the new 
                           numbering system but also in recognizing a premises based on a State or 
                           Federal animal health authority's determination that it is a 
                           geographically, rather than epidemiologically, distinct animal 
                           production unit. Identifying a premises as an epidemiologically 
                           distinct animal production unit can be problematic because a unit that 
                           may be considered epidemiologically distinct for one animal disease may 
                           not be for another. We view geographical distinctness as a
                           
                           [[Page 64647]]
                           
                           more reliable measure by which to determine what constitutes a 
                           premises.
                           In addition to the new definition of premises identification number 
                           (PIN), we are also amending the definitions referred to earlier of 
                           premises of origin identification in Sec.  77.2 and premises 
                           identification in Sec.  79.1. Prior to this interim rule, both of these 
                           definitions recognized only the type of PIN beginning with the State's 
                           two-letter postal code. The amended definitions refer to the new 
                           definition of premises identification number (PIN) and thus recognize 
                           the new PIN format as well as the old.
                           
                           Removal or Loss of Official Identification Devices
                           
                           The AIN or any other animal numbering system can only be effective 
                           if the official eartag or backtag or other approved device bearing the 
                           animal's identification number remains affixed to the animal throughout 
                           its lifetime, from birth to slaughter. Therefore, we are adding a new 
                           Sec.  71.22 that prohibits the removal of official identification 
                           devices except at the time of slaughter and further states that if an 
                           official identification device is lost and it is necessary to retag an 
                           animal with a new official number, every effort should be made to 
                           correlate the new official number with the previous official number of 
                           the animal. To ensure that there will be the same traceback capability 
                           for imported animals as for animals moving interstate, we are adding 
                           identical requirements regarding removal and replacement of official 
                           devices to Sec. Sec.  93.401 and 93.501, which contain conditions for 
                           imported ruminants and swine, respectively. In each of those sections, 
                           the new provisions are contained in a new paragraph (c). As we have 
                           already noted, adding these requirements to the animal import 
                           regulations also necessitates adding a definition of official 
                           identification device or method to Sec. Sec.  93.400 and 93.500.
                           
                           Immediate Action
                           
                           Immediate action is necessary to allow the use, on a voluntary 
                           basis, of newly developed numbering systems for the identification of 
                           animals in interstate commerce and State/Federal/industry cooperative 
                           disease control and eradication programs and for the identification of 
                           premises where animals are managed or held. Under these circumstances, 
                           the Administrator has determined that prior notice and opportunity for 
                           public comment are contrary to the public interest and that there is 
                           good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553 for making this action effective less 
                           than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register.
                           We will consider comments we receive during the comment period for 
                           this interim rule (see DATES above). After the comment period closes, 
                           we will publish another document in the Federal Register. The document 
                           will include a discussion of any comments we receive and any amendments 
                           we are making to the rule.
                           
                           Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act
                           
                           This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12866. The rule 
                           has been determined to be not significant for the purposes of Executive 
                           Order 12866 and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of 
                           Management and Budget.
                           This interim rule amends the regulations to recognize additional 
                           numbering systems for the identification of individual animals, groups 
                           of animals, and premises where animals are managed or held. These new 
                           numbering systems are intended for use in the NAIS that is being 
                           implemented by the USDA, at present on a voluntary basis.
                           Entities that may be affected by this interim rule include U.S. 
                           animal producers, importers, and other individuals and organizations 
                           involved in the buying and selling of livestock.
                           There were 1.03 million cattle and calf producers in the United 
                           States in 2003. There were also 95,189 cattle feeding operations in the 
                           United States in 2002. On January 1, 2004, there were 95 million beef 
                           and dairy cattle and calves in the United States. Nearly 38 million 
                           calves were born in the United States in 2003. Each of these 38 million 
                           head would presumably be tested, vaccinated, monitored under official 
                           disease control programs, or moved in interstate or international 
                           commerce and would therefore need to be identified if the NAIS were to 
                           be fully implemented. In addition, in 2002, 2.5 million cattle and 
                           calves were imported into the United States. Under Sec.  93.404, 
                           ruminants imported into the United States require individual 
                           identification.
                           The U.S. hog industry had 60 million hogs as of December 1, 2003. 
                           In 2003, 100.4 million head were born. About 7 million head were 
                           estimated to die due to disease, predators, and other causes, and 100 
                           million head were slaughtered. There were 75,350 hog producers in the 
                           United States in 2002.
                           The U.S. sheep industry had 7.6 million sheep and lambs on farms as 
                           of July 2004. There were 64,170 sheep and lambs produced in 2002.
                           In addition to animal producers, many non-producers, such as 
                           slaughter plants, stockyards, bonded dealers, and marketing agencies 
                           involved in buying or selling livestock in the United States may 
                           potentially be involved in the NAIS. There were 3,222 U.S. livestock 
                           slaughter plants in 2003, of which 879 were under Federal inspection. 
                           There are an estimated 7,775 stockyards, bonded dealers, and marketing 
                           agencies in the United States.
                           The primary beneficiaries of the NAIS are expected to be producers, 
                           who, because disease outbreaks are likely to be controlled more quickly 
                           than in the past, are likely to experience a reduction in costs 
                           associated with such outbreaks (e.g., export markets may not be lost or 
                           may be restricted for shorter durations); taxpayers, who will need to 
                           fund smaller mitigation, eradication, and compensation programs than 
                           they have in the past; and consumers, who will experience less 
                           disruption in the supply of meat if a major disease event happens and 
                           improved confidence in the meat supply system because of the speed with 
                           which we will be able to respond to such events.
                           It is important to note that participation in the NAIS is 
                           voluntary. Producers can opt not to participate in the NAIS if they 
                           anticipate that the costs they will incur will exceed the benefits they 
                           receive from participation. Little information is available at this 
                           time about costs that may be incurred by producers. APHIS welcomes 
                           comments about the costs of an animal identification system.
                           
                           Impact on Small Businesses
                           
                           The Regulatory Flexibility Act requires that agencies consider the 
                           economic impact of their rules on small entities. This interim rule has 
                           potential implications for small entities in the United States, both in 
                           terms of any costs they might incur to satisfy NAIS program 
                           requirements and in terms of the benefits associated with the program's 
                           establishment. Beef and hog producers are among the small entities 
                           potentially affected by this interim rule.
                           According to Small Business Administration (SBA) guidelines, beef 
                           producers with $750,000 or less in annual receipts are considered small 
                           businesses. Based on the guidelines, producers with fewer than 1,200 
                           head of cattle would likely be considered small producers. For the 
                           period of January to April 2004, the average head of cattle weighed 
                           approximately 700 pounds. The 2003 annual market price for live choice 
                           steers was $84.69 per hundredweight (cwt). The average price per cwt, 
                           $84.69, times the average weight, 7 cwt, gives an average price per 
                           head of $592.83. At that price, 1,265
                           
                           [[Page 64648]]
                           
                           head of cattle would be needed to reach the $750,000 threshold.\1\ In 
                           2003, 60 percent of U.S. cattle producers had fewer than 50 head, and 
                           99 percent had fewer than 1,000 head.
                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           
                           \1\ Source: Economic Research Service (ERS) Livestock, Dairy, 
                           and Poultry Outlook, April 27, 2004.
                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           
                           According to SBA guidelines, hog producers with $750,000 or less in 
                           annual receipts are considered small businesses. In the first quarter 
                           of 2004, hogs were priced at $44.18 per hundredweight (cwt). There is a 
                           6-month production cycle for hogs. Assuming an average hog weight of 
                           200 pounds, the average price per head is $88.36; therefore, each 
                           production unit could generate $176.72 times the current inventory per 
                           year. Producers with fewer than 4,000 head of hogs ($750,000 divided by 
                           $176.72 equals 4,244 hogs) would likely be considered small according 
                           to the SBA guidelines.\2\ In 2003, 40 percent of hog producers had 
                           fewer than 99 head, and 57 percent had fewer than 500 head.
                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           
                           \2\ Source: ERS Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, April 27, 
                           2004.
                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           
                           We expect that the benefits of more effective disease control will 
                           outweigh any costs to producers that may result from their 
                           participation in the NAIS. Because participation is voluntary, small 
                           entities could opt out of the program if they found that the costs 
                           outweighed the benefits. The benefit of this rule is the provision of 
                           greater flexibility in official animal and premises identification. As 
                           use of this numbering system is voluntary, no costs are imposed on 
                           participants and it is unlikely for this interim rule to have any 
                           adverse impact on small businesses.
                           Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and 
                           Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will 
                           not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
                           entities.
                           
                           Executive Order 12372
                           
                           This program/activity is listed in the Catalog of Federal Domestic 
                           Assistance under No. 10.025 and is subject to Executive Order 12372, 
                           which requires intergovernmental consultation with State and local 
                           officials. (See 7 CFR part 3015, subpart V.)
                           
                           Executive Order 12988
                           
                           This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil 
                           Justice Reform. This rule: (1) Preempts all State and local laws and 
                           regulations that are in conflict with this rule; (2) has no retroactive 
                           effect; and (3) does not require administrative proceedings before 
                           parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.
                           
                           Paperwork Reduction Act
                           
                           This rule contains no new information collection or recordkeeping 
                           requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 
                           et seq.).
                           
                           List of Subjects
                           
                           9 CFR Part 71
                           
                           Animal diseases, Livestock, Poultry and poultry products, 
                           Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.
                           
                           9 CFR Part 77
                           
                           Animal diseases, Bison, Cattle, Reporting and recordkeeping 
                           requirements, Transportation, Tuberculosis.
                           
                           9 CFR Part 78
                           
                           Animal diseases, Bison, Cattle, Hogs, Quarantine, Reporting and 
                           recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.
                           
                           9 CFR Part 79
                           
                           Animal diseases, Quarantine, Sheep, Transportation.
                           
                           9 CFR Part 80
                           
                           Animal diseases, Livestock, Transportation.
                           
                           9 CFR Part 85
                           
                           Animal diseases, Livestock, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping 
                           requirements, Transportation.
                           
                           9 CFR Part 93
                           
                           Animal diseases, Imports, Livestock, Poultry and poultry products, 
                           Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
                           
                           0
                           Accordingly, we are amending 9 CFR parts 71, 77, 78, 79, 80, 85, and 93 
                           as follows:
                           
                           PART 71--GENERAL PROVISIONS
                           
                           0
                           1. The authority citation for part 71 continues to read as follows:
                           
                           Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8301-8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.
                           
                           0
                           2. Section 71.1 is amended by revising the definitions of official 
                           eartag, premises identification number, and United States Department of 
                           Agriculture backtag; and adding, in alphabetical order, definitions of 
                           animal identification number (AIN), group/lot identification number 
                           (GIN), and official identification device or method to read as follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  71.1  Definitions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                           Animal identification number (AIN). A numbering system for the 
                           official identification of individual animals in the United States. The 
                           AIN contains 15 digits, with the first 3 being the country code (840 
                           for the United States), the alpha characters USA, or the numeric code 
                           assigned to the manufacturer of the identification device by the 
                           International Committee on Animal Recording.
                           * * * * *
                           Group/lot identification number (GIN). The identification number 
                           used to uniquely identify a ``unit of animals'' of the same species 
                           that is managed together as one group throughout the preharvest 
                           production chain. The GIN consists of a seven-character premises 
                           identification number (PIN), as defined in this section, and a six-
                           digit representation of the date on which the group or lot of animals 
                           was assembled (MM/DD/YY).
                           * * * * *
                           Official eartag. An identification tag providing unique 
                           identification for individual animals. An official eartag must bear the 
                           U.S. shield. The design, size, shape, color, and other characteristics 
                           of the official eartag will depend on the needs of the users. The 
                           official eartag must be tamper-resistant and have a high retention rate 
                           in the animal. Official eartags must adhere to one of the following 
                           numbering systems:
                           (1) National Uniform Eartagging System.
                           (2) Animal identification number (AIN).
                           (3) Premises-based number system. The premises-based number system 
                           combines an official premises identification number (PIN), as defined 
                           in this section, with a producer's livestock production numbering 
                           system to provide a unique identification number. The PIN and the 
                           production number must both appear on the official tag.
                           (4) Any other numbering system approved by the Administrator for 
                           the identification of animals in commerce.
                           Official identification device or method. A means of officially 
                           identifying an animal or group of animals using devices or methods 
                           approved by the Administrator, including, but not limited to, official 
                           tags, tattoos, and registered brands when accompanied by a certificate 
                           of inspection from a recognized brand inspection authority.
                           * * * * *
                           Premises identification number (PIN). A unique number assigned by a 
                           State or
                           
                           [[Page 64649]]
                           
                           Federal animal health authority to a premises that is, in the judgment 
                           of the State or Federal animal health authority, a geographically 
                           distinct location from other livestock production units. The premises 
                           identification number is associated with an address or legal land 
                           description and may be used in conjunction with a producer's own 
                           livestock production numbering system to provide a unique 
                           identification number for an animal. It may also be used as a component 
                           of a group/lot identification number (GIN). The premises identification 
                           number may consist of:
                           (1) The State's two-letter postal abbreviation followed by the 
                           premises' assigned number; or
                           (2) A seven-character alphanumeric code, with the right-most 
                           character being a check digit. The check digit number is based upon the 
                           ISO 7064 Mod 36/37 check digit algorithm.
                           * * * * *
                           United States Department of Agriculture backtag. A backtag issued 
                           by APHIS that provides unique identification for each animal.
                           0
                           3. In Sec.  71.18, a new paragraph (b) is added to read as follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  71.18  Individual identification of certain cattle 2 years of age 
                           or over for movement in interstate commerce.
                           
                           * * * * *
                           (b) In lieu of the backtags, eartags, and brands referred to in 
                           this section, any other official identification device or method that 
                           is approved by the Administrator may also be used.
                           
                           0
                           4. Section 71.19 is amended as follows:
                           0
                           a. In paragraph (a)(1), in the introductory text, by removing the words 
                           ``(c) and (h)'' and adding the words ``(c) and (g)'' in their place.
                           0
                           b. In paragraph (b)(6), by removing the word ``and''.
                           0
                           c. In paragraph (b)(7), by removing the period at the end of the 
                           paragraph and adding the word ``; and'' in its place.
                           0
                           d. By adding a new paragraph (b)(8) to read as set forth below.
                           0
                           e. By removing paragraph (g) and redesignating paragraphs (h) and (i) 
                           as paragraphs (g) and (h), respectively.
                           
                           
                           Sec.  71.19  Identification of swine in interstate commerce.
                           
                           * * * * *
                           (b) * * *
                           (8) Any other official identification device or method that is 
                           approved by the Administrator.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           0
                           5. A new Sec.  71.22 is added to read as follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  71.22  Removal and loss of official identification devices.
                           
                           Official identification devices are intended to provide permanent 
                           identification of livestock and to ensure the ability to find the 
                           source of animal disease outbreaks. Removal of these devices is 
                           prohibited except at the time of slaughter. If an official 
                           identification device is lost, and it is necessary to retag an animal 
                           with a new official number, every effort should be made to correlate 
                           the new official number with the previous official number of the 
                           animal.
                           
                           PART 77--TUBERCULOSIS
                           
                           0
                           6. The authority citation for part 77 continues to read as follows:
                           
                           Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8301-8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.
                           
                           
                           0
                           7. Section 77.2 is amended by revising the definitions of official 
                           eartag and premises of origin identification and adding definitions of 
                           animal identification number (AIN) and premises identification number 
                           (PIN) to read as follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  77.2  Definitions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                           Animal identification number (AIN). A numbering system for the 
                           official identification of individual animals in the United States. The 
                           AIN contains 15 digits, with the first 3 being the country code (840 
                           for the United States), the alpha characters USA, or the numeric code 
                           assigned to the manufacturer of the identification device by the 
                           International Committee on Animal Recording.
                           * * * * *
                           Official eartag. An identification tag providing unique 
                           identification for individual animals. An official eartag must bear the 
                           U.S. shield. The design, size, shape, color, and other characteristics 
                           of the official eartag will depend on the needs of the users. The 
                           official eartag must be tamper-resistant and have a high retention rate 
                           in the animal. Official eartags must adhere to one of the following 
                           numbering systems:
                           (1) National Uniform Eartagging System.
                           (2) Animal identification number (AIN).
                           (3) Premises-based number system. The premises-based number system 
                           combines an official premises identification number (PIN), as defined 
                           in this section, with a producer's livestock production numbering 
                           system to provide a unique identification number. The PIN and the 
                           production number must both appear on the official tag.
                           (4) Any other numbering system approved by the Administrator for 
                           the identification of animals in commerce.
                           * * * * *
                           Premises identification number (PIN). A unique number assigned by a 
                           State or Federal animal health authority to a premises that is, in the 
                           judgment of the State or Federal animal health authority, a 
                           geographically distinct location from other livestock production units. 
                           The premises identification number is associated with an address or 
                           legal land description and may be used in conjunction with a producer's 
                           own livestock production numbering system to provide a unique 
                           identification number for an animal. The premises identification number 
                           may consist of:
                           (1) The State's two-letter postal abbreviation followed by the 
                           premises' assigned number; or
                           (2) A seven-character alphanumeric code, with the right-most 
                           character being a check digit. The check digit number is based upon the 
                           ISO 7064 Mod 36/37 check digit algorithm.
                           Premises of origin identification. (1) An APHIS-approved eartag or 
                           tattoo bearing a premises identification number (PIN), as defined in 
                           this section;
                           (2) A name assigned by a State or Federal animal health authority 
                           to the premises on which the animals originated that, in the judgment 
                           of that State or Federal animal health authority, is a geographically 
                           distinct location from other livestock production units; or
                           (3) A brand registered with an official brand registry.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           PART 78--BRUCELLOSIS
                           
                           0
                           8. The authority citation for part 78 continues to read as follows:
                           
                           Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8301-8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.
                           
                           
                           0
                           9. Section 78.1 is amended by revising the definitions of official 
                           eartag and United States Department of Agriculture backtag and adding 
                           definitions of animal identification number (AIN) and official 
                           identification device or method in alphabetical order to read as 
                           follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  78.1  Definitions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                           Animal identification number (AIN). A numbering system for the 
                           official identification of individual animals in the United States. The 
                           AIN contains 15 digits, with the first 3 being the country code (840 
                           for the United States), the alpha characters USA, or the numeric code 
                           assigned to the manufacturer of the identification device by the
                           
                           [[Page 64650]]
                           
                           International Committee on Animal Recording.
                           * * * * *
                           Official eartag. An identification tag providing unique 
                           identification for individual animals. An official eartag must bear the 
                           U.S. shield. The design, size, shape, color, and other characteristics 
                           of the official eartag will depend on the needs of the users. The 
                           official eartag must be tamper-resistant and have a high retention rate 
                           in the animal. Official eartags must adhere to one of the following 
                           numbering systems:
                           (a) National Uniform Eartagging System.
                           (b) Animal identification number (AIN).
                           (c) Premises-based number system. The premises-based number system 
                           combines an official premises identification number (PIN), as defined 
                           in Sec.  71.1 of this chapter, with a producer's livestock production 
                           numbering system to provide a unique identification number. The PIN and 
                           the production number must both appear on the official tag.
                           (d) Any other numbering system approved by the Administrator for 
                           the identification of animals in commerce.
                           Official identification device or method. A means of officially 
                           identifying an animal or group of animals using devices or methods 
                           approved by the Administrator, including, but not limited to, official 
                           tags, tattoos, and registered brands when accompanied by a certificate 
                           of inspection from a recognized brand inspection authority.
                           * * * * *
                           United States Department of Agriculture backtag. A backtag issued 
                           by APHIS that provides unique identification for each animal.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           
                           Sec.  78.14  [Amended]
                           
                           0
                           10. In Sec.  78.14, paragraph (a)(2) is amended by adding the words 
                           ``or any other official identification device or method approved by the 
                           Administrator'' after the word ``eartag''.
                           
                           PART 79--SCRAPIE IN SHEEP AND GOATS
                           
                           0
                           11. The authority citation for part 79 continues to read as follows:
                           
                           Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8301-8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.
                           
                           0
                           12. Section 79.1 is amended by adding, in alphabetical order, 
                           definitions of official identification device or method and premises 
                           identification number (PIN) and revising the definition of premises 
                           identification to read as follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  79.1  Definitions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                               Official identification device or method. A means of officially 
                           identifying an animal or group of animals using devices or methods 
                           approved by the Administrator, including, but not limited to, official 
                           tags, tattoos, and registered brands when accompanied by a certificate 
                           of inspection from a recognized brand inspection authority.
                           * * * * *
                               Premises identification. An APHIS approved eartag, backtag, or 
                           legible tattoo bearing the premises identification number, as defined 
                           in this section, or a flock identification number, or a legible 
                           permanent brand or ear notch pattern registered with an official brand 
                           registry. Premises identification may be used when official individual 
                           animal identification is required, if the premises identification 
                           method either includes a unique animal number or is used in conjunction 
                           with the producer's livestock production numbering system to provide a 
                           unique identification number and where, if brands or ear notches are 
                           used, the animals are accompanied by an official brand inspection 
                           certificate. Clearly visible and/or legible paint brands may be used on 
                           animals moving directly to slaughter and on animals moving for grazing 
                           or other management purposes without change in ownership.
                               Premises identification number (PIN). A unique number assigned by a 
                           State or Federal animal health authority to a premises that is, in the 
                           judgment of the State or Federal animal health authority, a 
                           geographically distinct location from other livestock production units. 
                           The premises identification number is associated with an address or 
                           legal land description and may be used in conjunction with a producer's 
                           own livestock production numbering system to provide a unique 
                           identification number for an animal. The premises identification number 
                           may consist of:
                               (1) The State's two-letter postal abbreviation followed by the 
                           premises' assigned number; or
                               (2) A seven-character alphanumeric code, with the right-most 
                           character being a check digit. The check digit number is based upon the 
                           ISO 7064 Mod 36/37 check digit algorithm.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           0
                           13. Section 79.2 is amended as follows:
                           0
                           a. In paragraph (a)(2)(v), by removing the word ``or'' at the end of 
                           the paragraph.
                           0
                           b. In paragraph (a)(2)(vi), by removing the period at the end of the 
                           paragraph and adding the word ``; or'' in its place.
                           0
                           c. By adding a new paragraph (a)(2)(vii) to read as set forth below:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  79.2  Identification of sheep and goats in interstate commerce.
                           
                               (a) * * *
                               (2) * * *
                               (vii) Any other official identification method or device approved 
                           by the Administrator.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           PART 80--JOHNE'S DISEASE IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS
                           
                           0
                           14. The authority citation for part 80 continues to read as follows:
                           
                               Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8301-8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.
                           
                           
                           0
                           15. Section 80.1 is amended by removing the definitions of premises 
                           identification number; revising the definitions of official eartag and 
                           premises identification number; and adding, in alphabetical order, 
                           definition of animal identification number (AIN) to read as follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  80.1  Definitions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                               Animal identification number (AIN). A numbering system for the 
                           official identification of individual animals in the United States. The 
                           AIN contains 15 digits, with the first 3 being the country code (840 
                           for the United States), the alpha characters USA, or the numeric code 
                           assigned to the manufacturer of the identification device by the 
                           International Committee on Animal Recording.
                           * * * * *
                               Official eartag. An identification tag providing unique 
                           identification for individual animals. An official eartag must bear the 
                           U.S. shield. The design, size, shape, color, and other characteristics 
                           of the official eartag will depend on the needs of the users. The 
                           official eartag must be tamper-resistant and have a high retention rate 
                           in the animal. Official eartags must adhere to one of the following 
                           numbering systems:
                               (1) National Uniform Eartagging System.
                               (2) Animal identification number (AIN).
                               (3) Premises-based number system. The premises-based number system 
                           combines an official premises identification number (PIN), as defined 
                           in this section, with a producer's livestock production numbering 
                           system to provide a unique identification number. The PIN and the 
                           production number must both appear on the official tag.
                           
                           [[Page 64651]]
                           
                               (4) Any other numbering system approved by the Administrator for 
                           the identification of animals in commerce.
                           * * * * *
                               Premises identification number (PIN). A unique number assigned by a 
                           State or Federal animal health authority to a premises that is, in the 
                           judgment of the State or Federal animal health authority, a 
                           geographically distinct location from other livestock production units. 
                           The premises identification number is associated with an address or 
                           legal land description and may be used in conjunction with a producer's 
                           own livestock production numbering system to provide a unique 
                           identification number for an animal. The premises identification number 
                           may consist of:
                               (1) The State's two-letter postal abbreviation followed by the 
                           premises' assigned number; or
                               (2) A seven-character alphanumeric code, with the right-most 
                           character being a check digit. The check digit number is based upon the 
                           ISO 7064 Mod 36/37 check digit algorithm.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           PART 85--PSEUDORABIES
                           
                           0
                           16. The authority citation for part 85 continues to read as follows:
                           
                               Authority: 7 U.S.C. 8301-8317; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.
                           
                           
                           Sec.  85.7  [Amended]
                           
                           0
                           17. In Sec.  85.7, paragraphs (b)(3)(i), (b)(3)(ii), and (c)(1) are 
                           amended by removing the citation ``Sec.  71.19(h)'' and adding the 
                           citation ``Sec.  71.19(g)'' in its place.
                           
                           
                           Sec.  85.8  [Amended]
                           
                           0
                           18. In Sec.  85.8, paragraph (a)(4) is amended by removing the citation 
                           ``Sec.  71.19(h)'' and adding the citation ``Sec.  71.19(g)'' in its 
                           place.
                           
                           PART 93--IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, AND POULTRY, AND 
                           CERTAIN ANIMAL, BIRD, AND POULTRY PRODUCTS; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS 
                           OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS
                           
                           0
                           19. The authority citation for part 93 continues to read as follows:
                           
                               Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1622 and 8301-8317; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 
                           31 U.S.C. 9701; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.
                           
                           
                           0
                           20. Section 93.400 is amended by adding, in alphabetical order, a 
                           definition of official identification device or method to read as 
                           follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  93.400  Definitions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                               Official identification device or method. A means of officially 
                           identifying an animal or group of animals using devices or methods 
                           approved by the Administrator, including, but not limited to, official 
                           tags, tattoos, and registered brands when accompanied by a certificate 
                           of inspection from a recognized brand inspection authority.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           0
                           21. Section 93.401 is amended by adding a new paragraph (c) to read as 
                           follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  93.401  General prohibitions; exceptions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                               (c) Removal and loss of official identification devices. Official 
                           identification devices are intended to provide permanent identification 
                           of livestock and to ensure the ability to find the source of animal 
                           disease outbreaks. Removal of these devices is prohibited except at the 
                           time of slaughter. If an official identification device is lost, and it 
                           is necessary to retag an animal with a new official number, every 
                           effort should be made to correlate the new official number with the 
                           previous official number of the animal.
                           
                           0
                           22. Section 93.500 is amended by adding, in alphabetical order, a 
                           definition of official identification device or method to read as 
                           follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  93.500  Definitions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                               Official identification device or method. A means of officially 
                           identifying an animal or group of animals using devices or methods 
                           approved by the Administrator, including, but not limited to, official 
                           tags, tattoos, and registered brands when accompanied by a certificate 
                           of inspection from a recognized brand inspection authority.
                           * * * * *
                           
                           0
                           23. Section 93.501 is amended by adding a new paragraph (c) to read as 
                           follows:
                           
                           
                           Sec.  93.501  General prohibitions; exceptions.
                           
                           * * * * *
                               (c) Removal and loss of official identification devices. Official 
                           identification devices are intended to provide permanent identification 
                           of livestock and to ensure the ability to find the source of animal 
                           disease outbreaks. Removal of these devices is prohibited except at the 
                           time of slaughter. If an official identification device is lost and it 
                           is necessary to retag an animal with a new official number, every 
                           effort should be made to correlate the new official number with the 
                           previous official number of the animal.
                           
                               Done in Washington, DC, this 2nd day of November 2004.
                           Kevin Shea,
                           Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
                           [FR Doc. 04-24828 Filed 11-5-04; 8:45 am]
                           
                           BILLING CODE 3410-34-P
                           
 
 

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Animal Identification Numbers- Resellers, manufactures
The rules and regulations set forth by the USDA
Read the documents

click here to download AIN file

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The Netherlands has had chipping for awhile now, want to see what chipping has done to some of their Equines. Remember this. ALL LIABILTY for CHIPPING is YOUR RESPONSIBLITY!

No Mis-Information, No Half Truths, Just Facts Taken from the USDA National Animal Identification System Draft Strategic Plan 2005-2009
 
Animals will be identified either individually with a unique, Animal  Identification Number (AIN) or if they are managed and moved through the production chain as a group, with a Group/Lot Identification Number (Group/Lot ID). AIN with Leading "840"
 
 
Serious questions you need to ask and demand answers to:
 
1: Does the U.S. animal Identificaiton Number attached to my animal restrict my ownership of that animal?
 
2: When I attach a tag or RFID-chip with the U.S. Animal Identification Number to my animal, does my animal become subject to the regulations of the U.S. Department of Agriculture?
 
"Incentives" are to be used in Animal tracking:
-April 2007: Incentives to report interstate movements
using ICVI or electronic movement permit system.
-October 2007: Infrastructure established to collect animal
termination records at high capacity abattoirs.
-Initiate collection of animal movements at concentration
points (markets, feedlots, etc.).
-
Expand the integration of management systems to
forward animal locations/sightings.

Unlawful to Remove Official ID: What would the fine be and what is the jail time?

USDA and our stakeholders in animal agriculture must continue moving forward with the National Animal Identification System. NAIS must be implemented for our country to maintain its reputation as having the most efficient and effective animal health surveillance and response system in the world. I believe a fully functional animal tracking system will keep us competitive in international markets, helping us retain and expand our market share. This Department is wholly committed to making NAIS a reality. Summary Page DSP
 
We have been working on an animal identification plan here at USDA in conjunction with a lot of interested parties over a number of years now, and our goal has remained consistent—to be able to track animals within a 48-hour period. We are prepared to roll up our sleeves and get this implemented.  Summary Page DSP
 
For nearly 2 years, industry and government have worked to develop a comprehensive animal identification system. We value industry's strong leadership in this effort. Much of the framework for NAIS—the data standards in particular—is the result of these partnership efforts. We will rely on these partnerships as we move forward to implement NAIS. Summary Page DSP
 
Introduction • Background – For years, animal health officials have used
animal identification to help trace animals so diseases could be eradicated. In 2002, the National Institute of Animal Agriculture (NIAA) initiated meetings that led to the development of the U.S. Animal Identification Plan (USAIP). That work provided the foundation data standards for the National Animal Identification
System (NAIS). This Draft Strategic Plan represents the current thinking of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) regarding the implementation of the NAIS. Executive Summary DSP
 
Overall support – External to APHIS, stakeholders provide broad support for national animal identification. Executive Summary DSP
 
July 2005: Animal Identification Number system operational. Page 2 DSp
 
April 2007: Premises registration and animal identification “alerts”. Page 2 DSP
 
January 2008: Premises registration and animal identification required. Page 2 DSP
 
Information systems development and implementation – Develop information and supporting systems for premises registration and animal identification and tracking; Page 2 DSP
 
Background Animal identification is not a new concept in the United States Page 4 DSP
 
Animal identification did not start or stop with brucellosis.Other animal health programs also include an animal identification component, and certain classes of livestock must be officially identified before entering interstate commerce. Page 4 DSP
 
no uniform nationwide animal identification system exists for all animals of any given species. That is about to change. For the past several years, a State-Federal-industry effort has been underway to develop a nationwide animal identification system Page 4 DSP
 
USDA has worked with partners at the Federal and State levels and in industry for the past year and a half on the adoption of standards for a verifiable nationwide animal identification system to help enhance the speed and accuracy of our
response to disease outbreaks across many different animal species. Page 5 DSp
 
Animal identification is worthwhile to producers and animal owners for various reasons, including performance recording and marketing opportunities. However, APHIS is focusing on animal identification for one reason: to establish the animal information foundation necessary to support animal disease monitoring, surveillance, control, and eradication programs. Page 5 DSP
 
Animal identification is not a new concept. In the United States, many animals are already identified through eartags, brands, or tattoos. The NAIS will help standardize animal identification at the national level for all animals of a given species. Page 6 DSp
 
Support Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) participants said one of the strengths of the program is the broad industry, governmental, and stakeholder support for a national animal identification program. In listening sessions held by APHIS (June-November, 2004), 59 of 60 comments indicated support for NAIS.
Page  7 DSP
 
47 people commented on whether an Versus animal identification system should be mandatory or voluntary. Only Mandatory 12 of the 47 said they prefer a voluntary system. 17 people suggested that the system should be mandatory, while 18 people suggested the program begin as voluntary, but should eventually
become mandatory. Therefore, a ratio of 3:1 respondents preferred a mandatory program to a purely voluntary program. Page 7 DSP
 
In addition, the NIAA conducted a survey of its members about national animal identification. In results that are even stronger than the listening sessions, 8:1 prefer a mandatory program. Page 7 DSP
 
Producers that have registered their premises may obtain official identification devices with the Animal Identification Number (AIN).As producers acquire these AIN Tags, the initial record of which premises receives tags also provides NAIS with information to determine the origin of the animal. or where the animal was first tagged. The AIN provides a unique lifetime number for each animal identified as an individual. Page 8 DSP
 
Advancing animal identification data collection systems at packing plants will be a priority, so animals removed from the population can be recorded as efficiently as possible.Page 8 DSP
 
The requirement for collecting and reporting defined animal movements to the national animal identification and tracking repository is scheduled for January 2009. Page 8 & 9 DSP
 
The Animal Health Protection Act (AHPA) authorizes the Secretary of the USDA to carry out operations and measures to detect, control, or eradicate livestock pests or disease. It also provides ample authority to establish and implement either a mandatory or voluntary system of animal identification. Further, the AHPA enables the Secretary of the USDA to enter into agreements with States or other stakeholder organizations to implement either a mandatory or
voluntary animal identification program Page 9 DSP
 
July 2006: USDA will publish a proposed rule establishing new requirements for premises registration and animal identification that follow NAIS standards. (The rule may define rolling effective dates, allow for delays in implementation as producers transition from scrapie ID to NAIS AINs, etc.) Premises registration and animal identification according to NAIS standards will be required by
January 2008. Page 10 DPS
 
Fall 2007: USDA will publish the final rule establishing mandatory animal identification and premises registration requirements. Page 10 DSP
 
Financial – There are two financial concerns: costs and funding. Producers are concerned about the costs of national identification generally and personally. Some suggest sharing the costs between the program and industry. Also, participants indicated that because of the benefit to the public at large,
much of the funding of the animal identification program should be supported by public funds. Page 11 DSP
 
Animal identification: To track animals as they move from premises to premises, we must also have a standard way to identify them. Animals will be identified either individually with a unique, Animal Identification Number (AIN) or, if they are managed and moved through the production chain as a group, with a Group/Lot Identification Number (Group/Lot ID). Page 12 DSP
 
The integration of animal identification technology standards (electronic identification, retinal scan, DNA, etc.) will be determined by industry to ensure the most practical options are implemented, and that new ones can easily be incorporated into the NAIS. Ppage 13 DSP
 
In keeping with the gradual approach, the transition from voluntary to mandatory will occur in phases. An extensive communication “alert” for mandatory premises registration and animal identification is targeted for April 2007.Page 14 DSP
 
They (States) will also support the administration of animal identification and
tracking systems that will feed information into the national databases. Producers will identify their animals and provide necessary records to the databases.Page
14 DSP
 
Service providers and third parties will assist by providing animal identification and movement records to the NAIS on behalf of their producer clients. All groups will need to provide labor. Page 14 DSP
 
Animal identification and tracking systems maintained by the States or regional alliances will be an integral part of the overall NAIS information infrastructure. Page 14 DSP
 
Consequently, in order to secure full participation from livestock producers, the USDA is pursuing legislation to establish a system for withholding or disclosing information obtained through the animal identification system established by the Secretary of the USDA. Page 15 DSP
 
Animal identification: August 2005: Initiate “840” number with AIN tag anufacturers and AIN tag managers Page 16 DSP
 
Animal identification: April 2006: AIN Management System fully operational Page 16 DSP
 
Animal identification: April 2007: Animal identification alert (scaled up communication campaign to create awareness of January 2008 requirements for animal identification). Page 16 DSP
 
Animal Identification: January 2008: Animal identification required with enforcement. Page 17 DSP
 
NAIS Timeline 2005 2006 2007 2008 Initiate “840” ID # Animal Identification
AIN Fully Operational ICVI Fully Operational Page 17 DSP
 
A State animal identification committee composed of representatives of major segments of the farm animal industry is formed and functioning. Membership could include, but not be limited to the following stakeholders:
a. Major producer organizations;
b. Major breed organizations;
c. Major marketing organizations;
d. Major packer organizations;
e. State and Federal animal health agencies and Tribal
organizations;
f. Technology providers (tags, readers, integrators);
g. Data service providers; and
h. Transportation (trucking industry).
2. Plans are formulated for a reliable system of determining the
number of animals and the number of premises in the State.
3. State officials and/or industry representatives have, or are
actively seeking, legislative and regulatory authority to:
a. Participate in the NAIS;
b. Require the registration of premises where animals
reside that are susceptible to known foreign animal
diseases or diseases with State or Federal eradication
programs; and
c. Require identification of animals that move to a point
where they are commingled with other animals.
4. A system for distribution of the NAIS literature to producers
and other interested groups is developed and functioning.
5. Applicable regulations are enforced.
6. The States will prepare a quarterly report of NAIS activities
and submit it to APHIS, VS for tabulation and distribution in a
national progress report. APHIS VS shall make reports as
requested and at least, annually, to the NAIS Subcommittee
of the Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Foreign Animal
and Poultry Diseases, on progress, operation, and use of
Federal funds. Page 18 DSP
 
25 percent of the qualifying animals in the State are identified, and that information has been reported to the National Animal Identification and Tracking Repository in accordance with the requirements of the NAIS. Stage IV: Animal Tracking Page 19 DSP
 
January 2009  Unify animal identification requirements, definitions, and devices for all animal disease programs Page 21 DSP
 
Develop and deliver training for the premises and  animal identification systems provided by APHIS Page 22 DSP
 
 
 

 
 
 

 

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Partial listing of approved animal tracking databases so far:

 
 
Please note that an employee of GlobalVetLink is on the USDA's ESWG and is co-chair of the Equine ID Committee for the NIAA.
Neil Hammerschmidt, the USDA Animal ID Coordinator, was an officer in the Holstein Association, who played a major role in the development of their database.  He moved from there to the Wisconsin Consortium (also a USDA approved tracking database) before taking the job as USDA Animal ID Coordinator.   He also was a major player in NIAA development of NAIS . 
 
MOST of the companies who have been approved by the USDA as either tag or animal tracking databases have been members of the various species working groups.

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Premises Registration will be an "Official" USDA unique seven Character identifier.
 
In the New User Guide it states on Page 22:
The premises identification number (PIN) is assigned permanently to a geophysical location. If an owner or entity sells his/her farm, the next operators of the premises use the original premises identification number that had been
assigned to that location. If the seller buys a new location to build a new operation that never had livestock, he/she would register that location and obtain a new premises identification number (PIN).

Premises Identification = Encumbrance

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                                    of the Read the Bills Act Coalition

Comments on the site are very welcomed.. If you see something that is in error, point it out, if you have a document that needs posting, provide the information and if its state specific post the state.. This site is for all livestock owners..