Aims to ensure that governments do not use quarantine and food safety requirements as Unjustified trade barriers to protect
domestic industries from import competition. It provides
Member countries with a right to implement traceability as an SPS measure http://www.oie.int/eng/publicat/rt/2002/WILSON.PDF
How can food safety be a trade barrier?
This report is really good to understand what Fair Trade really means and how the USDA and the Canada are skirting the issue
on Mad Cow.
The USDA previously allowed cattle younger than 30 months of age to be imported from Canada. This age restriction
was important, because younger animals are less likely to be at risk for BSE infection. The new rule, adopted Nov. 19,
allows all animals born after March 1, 1999, to enter the United States, and it also allows beef from animals that were slaughtered
in Canada to be imported into the United States without an age restriction.
In recent months, American consumers
have come face to face with the reality that food products from other nations can be tainted and diseased. Our food-safety
procedures need more scrutiny, not less.
American ranchers have worked hard to earn the confidence that consumers
in America and around the globe rightfully have in the quality and safety of American beef. Government policies should do
nothing to diminish that.
Byron Dorgan, D-N.D., and Mike Enzi, R-Wy., have introduced a resolution in the Senate
that would halt implementation of the USDA rule.
U.S./CANADIAN BORDER TO OPEN BEEF & BISON FOR ANY PURPOSE
The USDA Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has announced that it will expand the list of allowable imports from countries recognized
as presenting a minimal risk of introducing bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) into the United States.Currently, Canada is the only minimal-risk
country designated by the United States.
cattle and bison will be allowed into the United
States for any use (breeding, already bred,
feeder animals) if they were born on or after March 1, 1999,
the date which APHIS has determined to be the date of effective enforcement of Canada’s ruminant-to-ruminant
change becomes effective November
Alaska is still faced with the dilemma of not
having a port-of-entry providing animal inspection services and will not be able to importlivestock.To resolve this problem, Dr. Bob Gerlach, AlaskaState Veterinarian has
been working with the National Import Office.Together, they are working on implementing
a Permit System that would allow animals across the border.
needed to provide Washington, D.C.
With a reasonable estimate of how many animals will be crossing the border.A
quickie, best guess estimate was done on September 24th with the help from many of you.
estimate of numbers that will be imported is now needed.Please complete the
form below and return it to the Alaska Farm Bureau’s Office by October 7, 2007.
rule is firmly based in science and ensures that we continue to protect the U.S. Against BSE,” said Bruce Knight,
under secretary for marketing and regulatory programs.“It also is consistent
with our commitment to promote fair trade practices and further normalize trade with countries that institute the appropriate
safeguards to prevent the spread of BSE.”
is not about disease its about TRADE....Lets see how long it takes to discover another BSE cow in the United States
due to TRADE so they may further implement NAIS on every single american who owns just one of the listed species..
Well there you have it The USDA is inflicting the NAIS on EVERY livestock
owner to Normalize Trade. It is not about the health of our " Herd" is about the almighty dollar and our healthy animals at
our expense. In the Draft Strategic Plan it clearly states:
USDA and our stakeholders in animal
agriculture must continue moving forward with the National Animal Identification System. NAIS must be implemented for
our country to maintain its reputation as having the most efficient and effective animal health surveillance and response
system in the world. I believe a fully functional animal tracking system will keep us competitive in international markets,
helping us retain and expand our market share. This Department is wholly committed to making NAIS a reality. Mike Johanns Secretary of Agriculture
And then William "Bill" Hawks written
words in the DP about the need for the National Animal Identification System, but yet the USDA is going to open up the border
for cattle over 30 months for Canada to NORMALIZE TRADE.
We have been working on an animal identification
plan here at USDA in conjunction with a lot of interested parties over a number of years now, and our goal has remained consistent—to
be able to track animals within a 48-hour period. We are prepared to roll up our sleeves and get this implemented.
The attention garnered from
the BSE case last December, coupled with the increasing number of animal disease outbreaks worldwide over the last decade,
has intensified the level of interest in developing NAIS. September 11, 2001, also taught us that we have to prepare
for potential intentional disease introductions. NAIS is a top USDA priority.
William “Bill” Hawks,Under
Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs
Dr. Thornsberry has it correct the USDA is suppose to look out for the welfare of the U.S. livestock
I don't know about you but
I will be writing my senators again concerning this outrages plan and I'm not going to hold back from the GOOD senators.
I can guarantee that within 2 months a case of BSE will rear its ugly head. This email needs to be forwarded to everyone you
know. I said it once and I will say it again, The only intentional disease introduction will be by the USDA due to the
Normalizing of Trade.
One other question, How will introducing
more BSE cattle in the USA normalize trade? Doesn't every new BSE discovered in the U.S. then increase the
R-CALF: USDA OTM Rule Heightens Disease
Risk To U.S. Cattle Herd, U.S.
– R-CALF USA was extremely disappointed to see today’s Federal Register, in which the U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA) published its final rule (Rule 2) to begin allowing imports of Canadian cattle born
after March 1, 1999, and Canadian cattle over 30 months (OTM) of age, into the United States, scheduled to be effective Nov.
19. OTM cattle originating from a country affected by bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) have an inherently higher
risk for transmitting the disease.
“USDA’s mandate is to prevent
BSE from entering the United States, but the first thing the agency said at Friday’s news conference was this rule is designed to normalize cattle trade with Canada,” said R-CALF USA President/Region
VI Director Max Thornsberry, a Missouri veterinarian who also chairs the group’s animal health committee.
“The U.S. Centers for Disease Control recently concluded that Canadian cattle are 26 times more
likely to test positive for BSE than U.S. cattle.
“USDA went on to say that it’s
an integral part of the agency’s efforts to promote fair trade practices and that the agency will encourage other countries
to align their trade requirement to meet USDA expectations,” he continued. “Apparently, USDA thinks opening
the border to older Canadian cattle will improve our export markets, so the agency, basically, continues to blatantly disregard
the product demands of our export customers.
“When is someone going to point
out to this runaway agency that it is not USDA’s job to improve trade relations because there already are federal
agencies for that – the USTR and the Commerce Department,” Thornsberry asserted. “USDA
is supposed to look out for the welfare of the U.S. livestock industry, so how in the world did USDA get the authority to
decide it’s in the United States’ best interest to continue pushing for the ‘no borders’ approach
to create a North American cattle herd, which continues to jeopardize the health of the U.S. cattle herd?
“During Friday’s news conference,
USDA refused to answer what percentage of public comments the agency received on this rule were proponents of Rule 2 and what
percentage of the comments came from people opposed to opening the border to OTM Canadian cattle,” he pointed out. “It
doesn’t matter what the comments said because USDA already had its mind made up. I think they’ll do exactly as
What the OTM Rule Would Do:
Allow importation of all live Canadian
cattle born after March 1, 1999, regardless of the intended use of the cattle, e.g., breeding, feeding, or slaughter.
Allow importation of beef, beef products,
and beef byproducts, including whole or half carcasses, offal, tallow, and gelatin derived from Canadian OTM cattle. (This
means that while live cattle born before March 1, 1999 are deemed to harbor an unacceptable risk for BSE, the beef from cattle
born before March 1, 1999, can, nevertheless, be imported into the United States.)
Allow importation of bovine blood and
blood products derived from Canadian cattle of any age.
Allow importation of casings and the
part of the small intestine from Canadian cattle of any age and from sheep that were less than 12 months of age at slaughter.
How the OTM Rule Would be Administered:
The age of Canadian cattle would be determined
by a certificate signed by a Canadian veterinarian.
Each Canadian bovine imported for purposes
other than immediate slaughter must be identified with an official ear tag that enables traceback to its premises of origin
and each animal must be permanently branded with a “CAN,” or ear tattooed with a “CAN.” (Note:
The use of a tattoo in lieu of a brand represents a relaxation of current requirements.)
Canadian cattle imported for immediate
slaughter would be transported in a sealed conveyance, with the seal applied at the U.S.
port of entry.
Canadian cattle imported for other than
immediate slaughter would not be required to be transported in sealed conveyances.
Besides the risk of diseased
Canadian cattle commingling with the U.S. herd, R-CALF USA members also are worried once the border opens that the bottom
will drop out of the U.S. market for cull cows and that the U.S. also will become a dumping ground for the specified risk
materials (SRMs) that Canada has banned from its entire animal feed chain – yet another disease risk to the U.S. cattle
herd. Here in the United States, SRMs are still allowed in pet food, as well as
hog and poultry feed. Producers here are fearful that Canada will ship more cattle to the U.S.
to dispose of SRMs in U.S. rendering facilities, posing further risks that BSE
may be introduced into the animal feed supply chain here. Commingling of cattle feed with other animal feed is suspected as
the source of continued BSE infection in Canada, causing Canada
to ban cattle parts from all animal feed. There have been no similar efforts to enhance our own feed ban.
USDA acknowledges that Rule 2 would negatively
impact U.S. cattle producers “as sellers of cull cattle, dairy producers,
as well as beef producers are expected to be negatively affected by the price decline for cull cattle due to this rule.”
“Because Rule 2 is deemed ‘economically
significant,’ Congress will have 60 days to review the rule,” Thornsberry explained. “R-CALFUSA will continue to work with Congress in an effort to have Rule 2 withdrawn, but if that falls short,
R-CALFUSA is prepared to take the matter to court.
ongoing BSE struggle continues to disrupt international beef trade and continues to create hardships for the U.S.
cattle industry when Canadian cattle and beef are mixed with U.S. cattle and beef,”
he concluded. “Rule 2 is premature and will cause additional and potentially severe consequences for U.S.
independent cattle producers, and we simply cannot sit idly by without a fight while our own government’s
actions will harm our industry – all in the name of ‘normalizing’ trade.”
USDA argues 100 percent testing is scientifically unwarranted. What is NAIS all about then?
Mike Johanns, Secretary of Agriculture states, In the NAIS Draft Strategic Plan 2005-2009
USDA and our stakeholders in animal agriculture must continue moving forward with the National Animal Identification
System. NAIS must be implemented for our country to maintain its reputation as having the most efficient and effective
animal health surveillance and response system in the world. I believe a fully functional animal tracking
system will keep us competitive in international markets, helping us retain and expand our market share. This Department is
wholly committed to making NAIS a reality.
WASHINGTON - U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns said today that the federal government
can't let an Arkansas City Company test its cattle for mad cow disease because doing so would be bad for international trade.
"If you're going to have a coherent system of trade in beef.. you need to advance the cause
of scientifically based international standards," Johanns said at the annual North American Agricultural Journalists meeting
in Washington, D.C.
"There's no scientific justification" for why Creekstone Farms Premium Beef, which owns a packing
plant in Arkansas City, should go ahead and test all its cattle for bovine spongiform encephalitis, commonly called mad cow
disease, Johanns said.
Creekstone filed suit last month against the Agriculture Department, seeking the right to test
every animal it slaughters for mad cow disease.
The only intentional Introduction of animal disease will be by the "USDA"!
I highly suggest that people who feel that the anti-nais folks are spouting mis-information need to listen to these
audios concerning BSE.
We have been working on an animal identification plan here at USDA in conjunction with a lot of interested
parties over a number of years now, and our goal has remained consistent—to be able to track animals within a 48-hour
period. We are prepared to roll up our sleeves and get this implemented. The attention
garnered from the BSE case last December, coupled with the increasing number of animal disease outbreaks worldwide
over the last decade, has intensified the level of interest in developing NAIS. September 11, 2001, also taught us that we
have to prepare for potential intentional disease introductions. NAIS is a top USDA priority.
Page 4 DP
The USAIP was well underway when one case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was confirmed in the
United States on December 25, 2003. On December 30, 2003, the Secretary of Agriculture announced additional protection to
guard against BSE and indicated that USDA would expedite the implementation of the National Animal Identification System (NAIS).
In making the announcement, the Secretary stated:
Page 7 DP
Driving Force: The strongest driving force is the risk of adverse animal health events that require
quick response. With the outbreak of exotic Newcastle disease in California in 2002 and 2003
and the Canadian cow that tested positive for BSE in 2003, the need for rapid tracebacks has become more urgent. Recent
outbreaks worldwide of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), especially in the United Kingdom in 2001, show the United States is at
risk, too. In addition, the September 11, 2001, attacks make clear that an intentional introduction of an animal disease is
a real risk.
How to help in preventing BSE
• Consumers who want to eat beef can limit their risk for mad cow disease by avoiding the foods most likely to carry
it: brains and processed beef products that may contain nervous-system tissue, such as hamburger, hotdogs, and sausage. Organic,
biodynamic, or 100 percent grass-fed beef carries the least risk, since the cattle are not fed any animal remains.
Steak and hamburger ground while you watch are also lower risk.
• The USDA should test all cattle over 20 months old and require testing for any animals shipped to the U.S. from
countries with mad cow disease. Until these safeguards are in place, the USDA should not weaken import regulations on Canadian
USDA poised to weaken mad cow safeguards- posted 03-11-07
From salmonella in peanut butter to E. coli in spinach, a rash of food
contamination scares over the past several months has left consumers reeling. But even as concerns about food safety mount,
the U.S. Department of Agriculture is poised to adopt a controversial new proposal that would weaken restrictions on cattle
and cattle parts imported from Canada--a country facing a significant problem with mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy).
proposal, which has drawn protest from consumer advocates and cattle ranchers, would allow Canadian cows born on or after
March 1, 1999, to be shipped across the border. Since older animals are more likely to exhibit symptoms of the fatal brain
disease, only cows 2.5 years or younger are currently allowed into the U.S . The USDA is also proposing to allow imports of
cattle blood and intestines from Canada to be used as animal feed, though these parts may harbor infectious material.
February 2007 Canadian officials announced that they had detected the country's ninth case of mad cow since May 2003. Five
of the cases were identified in 2006, through a program that tested just 1 percent of all Canadian cows slaughtered. And while
the USDA claims that Canadian safeguards meant to stop the spread of the disease became effective in March 1999, three of
the five cows found to be infected with the disease last year were born after then. Early reports suggest the latest positive
case was born after that date as well.
Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns has said he would dispatch a USDA expert
to Canada to investigate the latest incident of mad cow but that he did not expect it to affect U.S. trade with Canada.
USDA will be accepting public comments on the proposal until March 12. To add your voice to those urging the agency not to
reopen the Canadian border to older cows, visit the Consumers Union site Notinmyfood.org and sign the online petition.
Consumers Union, the publisher of Consumer Reports magazine, will formally submit it, along with detailed comments
from its food safety experts, into the official docket.
A flawed system
Reports investigations have long raised concerns that the federal government isn't doing enough to protect the animal
feed supply and that as a result the food we eat may not be as safe as it could be. For example, the U.S. tested some 370,000
cows between June 1, 2004, and May 31, 2005, out of a total herd of about 97 million, of which 37 million were slaughtered.
By contrast, in Europe every single animal above a given age gets tested. Our food safety experts believe that, among other
steps, the USDA should test all cattle over 20 months old and require testing for any animals shipped to the U.S. from countries
with mad cow disease.
Shouldn't the Farm Bureau be standing with the farmers and consumers instead of the USDA, this
is your health they are not taking into consideration, they are only concerned about the "Market" and "Money". Mike
Johanns stated in the Draft Plan, "I believe a fully functional animal tracking system will keep us competitive in international
markets, helping us retain and expand our markets share."
What does a horse, a backyard chicken, a LLama etc have to do with international markets?
The American Farm Bureau Federation recently entered the ring, in USDA’s corner, in the legal fight over whether
to reopen the U.S. border to Canadian cattle 30 months old and younger and beef from those cattle.
USDA proposed reopening the border to those imports, but a Montana District Court judge, Richard Cebull, ruled in R-CALF
v. USDA that the department may not implement the proposal until the judge has reviewed the issues in the case.
The plaintiff, R-CALF (Ranchers Cattlemen Legal Fund—United Stockgrowers of America), claimed in its lawsuit that
resuming the imports would increase the risk of importing beef from cattle with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and
harm domestic producers.
However, USDA said that it has fully investigated Canada’s system of controlling and preventing BSE, and that Canada’s
measures are adequate and, in fact, similar to U.S. prevention measures.
AFBF joined a friend-of-the-court brief filed by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA), arguing that
the USDA proposal is supported by science, and that the Montana judge was wrong to suspend the USDA proposal.
The brief states that the judge erred when he substituted his own judgment for USDA’s scientific expertise and
“Instead of affording the agency (USDA) the deference it was due,” the brief said, “the court
rejected the agency’s explanation for its decision, disregarded the scientific evidence and expert opinion on which
that decision was based and repeatedly substituted its judgment for that of the agency.”
Eighteen state Farm Bureaus (Alaska, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri,
Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Wisconsin) also joined in filing the brief, in
addition to 29 state cattlemen’s associations, the National Pork Producers Council and nine individual cattle producers.
According to the brief, R-CALF must show that the USDA proposal was “ar
bitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion or otherwise not in accordance with the law.” Judging by the amount
of documentation and actions taken by USDA leading up to the final rule to reopen Canadian cattle trade, “R-CALF’s
burden is a heavy one,” the brief said.
The United States has prohibited Canadian beef and live cattle from entering the United States ever since the first
Canadian case of BSE was discovered in Alberta in May 2003. The United States did resume imports of boxed beef from Canadian
cattle from cattle 30 months old and younger in August 2003.
After reviewing Canada’s BSE-prevention measures and determining that they were as good as U.S. measures,
USDA issued a rule that would have allowed imports of live cattle 30 months and younger, and beef from those cattle, to resume
on March 7. However, the Montana District Court judge on March 2 granted a temporary injunction of USDA’s rule. USDA
appealed the ruling that same day.
Mad Cow or BSE was one of the reasons for NAIS, all the BSE case's in the United States were from Canada. And they
have a Indentification program!!! Why would the USDA allow more in? Lets just follow all the MONEY....
Scientific evidence shows that Canada has a Disease of Concern, its called Mad Cow / BSE and should not be allowed to
import Cattle in the United States. One cow found in your herd, your neighbors herd and the whole herd will be
"Stamped Out" and nothing but the whole herd will be eridacated.
Enter supporting content here
Premises Registration will be an "Official" USDA unique seven Character identifier.
In the New User Guide it states on Page 22:
The premises identification number (PIN) is assigned permanently to a geophysical location.
If an owner or entity sells his/her farm, the next operators of the premises use the original premises identification number
that had been assigned to that location. If the seller buys a new location to build a new operation that never had livestock,
he/she would register that location and obtain a new premises identification number (PIN).
Premises Identification = Encumbrance
Comments on the site are very welcomed.. If you see something that is in error, point it out, if you have a document that
needs posting, provide the information and if its state specific post the state.. This site is for all livestock owners..